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actions

A - Preparatory actions and Development of Management Plans  and / or Action Plans

Action A.1- Elaboration of Action Program for the Demonstration of Control and Eradication of Exotic Invasive plants and Conservation / Improvement of Native Species.

This action is intended primarily to detail to an operational work scale the measures of control and eradication of invasive species that have been previously identified as necessary in the "Bussaco National Forest Spatial and Management Plan", 2009. In particular, for its operation and implementation on the ground (especially at the level of measures relating to the nature and biodiversity conservation ), work interventions are detailed, identifying the specific tasks to be developed in each plot, planning the interventions and assigning the appropriate means to achieve the objectives / desired results.

The works of this action will lead to the Action Program for the Demonstration of Control and Eradication of Exotic Invasive plants and Conservation / Improvement of Native Species.

Responsible beneficiary: Mata Do Bussaco Foundation, FP

Action A.2 – Elaboration of Action Program for Awareness, Involvement and Volunteering.

This action, in conjunction with the Action A.1, aims to ensure the active participation of local people and visitors in the task of controlling and eradicating invasive exotic species and in the improvement of native species. It is intended to give these actions a unique and distinctive character through its high demonstration potential to apply in similar situations.

 The Awareness and Dissemination of Results Action Program is a result of this action, and for the definition of this program a set of complementary work are to be expected, including identifying tasks and standard actions that can be promoted with each target audience and potential participants consultation (community, schools, IPSS's, local and national companies, among others), in order to identify, detail and schedule actions to develop throughout the project.

 For the remaining communication and awareness work, the intention is to essentially detail and schedule the implementation of the action in an integrated and coherent way with the entirety of the project.

Responsible beneficiary: Mata Do Bussaco Foundation, FP and Municipality of Mealhada.

 

 

C - Concrete actions of Conservation

 The concrete conservation actions associated with the project involve combined works of eradication of invasive exotic species of flora and propagation and improvement / strengthening of settlement of species of native flora.  Although it is expected that its implementation arises in an integrated manner, they will be leveraged by two complementary actions:

 Action C.1 - Reactivation Actions / Nursery Operation and Native Species Improvement

 Reactivation and operation of infrastructure such as greenhouses, cloches and air conditioning shelters in order to put in place a set of vegetable production needed to achieve the following objectives:

a) Conservation and restoration of native forest stands/population, (especially the training of relict habitats);

- b) Progressive replacement of the settlement area of pine pinaster bravoPinus forstands/population,  of native formation, with greater conservation value and favoring greater biodiversity;

- c) Maintenance and enhancement of populations of rare and endangered native species;

- d) riverfront conservation and  vegetation recovery

 - e) Across the board, and as a result of referred above, the adequacy of forest management of fauna conservation needs, flora and habitats identified in it.

As basis for implementation of these measures it is noteworthy the need to dispose of a substantial number of species of native flora that mostly are not available and in a perspective of conservation of local biodiversity  , it should be the subject of ongoing work to identify, collect, nursery propagation and subsequent planting, as proposed in the context of this action.

Thus, the proposed work aim the reactivation and operation of necessary infrastructure and the purchase of a set of forestry equipment essencial for the type of tipology of work planned.

A perspective of sustainability action contemplates aspects related to the minimization of nursery operation costs and associated works (originated with the remaining activities of Mata Do Bussaco, FP, including not only the design but also Arboretum and Gardens management) foreseeingeven its operation in coordination with the Awareness Programme, Involvement and Volunteering (D.5 actions to D.7).

This work will take place on the facilities of the ancient forest nurseries of the Forest and in the areas to benefit with native species, particularly involving the 30.6 ha of native forest. The inside includes about 17.5 ha of  the Adernal habitat and buffer areas surrounding it, which integrate other relict habitats, also associated with the original forest.

- Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

 

Action C.2- Control actions and eradication of invasive species

 - This action, in Mata do Bussaco, aims to combat and eradicate a number of exotic and invasive species that jeopardize the conservation of native flora and habitats of high conservation value - and a whole range of services provided by this biodiversity (retention water, erosion control, food and shelter for protected and endangered fauna, human food, among others).

- The main invasive exotic species aim of this project will be not only those who hold sizeable stains and for which already exist in other geographical and socio-economic contexts, experiences and very positive control results such as silver wattle Acacia dealbata, the  Long-leaved wattle, A. longifolia, the Australian blackwood A. melanoxylon and the tree of heaven Althissima Ailanthus, but it also includes other species for which the combat experiences in the national context are less known and / or non-existent. - Examples includesweet pittosporum Pittosporum undulatum, the black locust Robinia pseudoacacia and River Spiderwort Tradescantia fluminensis.  In a more punctual manner,a set of ornamental species with a delimited and restricted occurrence, but whose invasive character advises immediately the application of preventive measures will also be aim of this project in order to safeguard to safeguard its non propagation. - These species include pampas-grassCortaderia selloana, cherry laurel Prunus laurocerasus and Bromeliaceae Fascicularia

 For control and eradication of the species listed the work of this action are part of a set of complementary tasks to develop in a coordinated way, temporally and spatially, with C.1 Action, including manual, mechanical and chemical methods.

For each combination of invasive species / habitat to benefit, it is expected an application and initial evaluation of a set of methods, analysis and integrated assessment of the results of the control / eradication and propagation / improvement, with subsequent selection of methods that present a better operating results and its widespread application in the following years, the other areas of intervention.

- Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

 

 

 D - Awareness actions and Dissemination of Results

 - The awareness activities and dissemination of the project include a set of complementary actions that address the communication needs, strengthen the demonstrative character of the project, ensuring the participation and active involvement of a number of agents in conservation work and, finally, emphasize the need to disseminate and transfer the project results to other agents that may benefit them directly, hoping to contribute to the application of these results to other situations and contexts.

 Action D.1 - Communication Action Program and Disclosure LIFE + / Website

- This Action, in conjunction with the Actions D.2 and D.3, aims to ensure communication, visibility and dissemination of the objectives, development and project results. And so, it predicts the creation and regular update of a project website. From this you can access news, reports and digital versions of all awareness materials, publication and dissemination produced, as well as the archive of images and videos containing examples of developed activities.

- Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

Action D.2 - Communication Action Program and Disclosure LIFE + / Placards and Outdoors

 - The work of this Action is designed to ensure greater visibility to the intervened areas with the project work as well as the support provided to them by the LIFE + program.  In this sense, it is expected the production and posting of placards and outdoors with the description of the project work, to identify the areas of intervention of conservation work, the spaces where the main activities took place with the public and near the entrances of National Forest of Bussaco

Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

Action D.3 - Communication Action Program and Disclosure LIFE + / Report for the Laity - Layman Report

 - Through this Action is intended to ensure communication and dissemination of the objectives, development and results of the project to the general public through non-technical documentation.

 Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

Action D.4 -  Communication Action Program and Disclosure LIFE + / Additional Shares

 - The work of this Action is designed to ensure a broader communication and dissemination of the objectives and results of the project with the general public. -- In this context it provides for the definition and implementation of a set of works aimed at increasing the visibility of the project and its demonstration effects, by putting into practice a Communication Plan and Disclosure. -- It is also intended that the resulting tools from this plan allows  to support and make it more effective in carrying out conservation / demonstration  activities attached to Actions D.5, D.6 and D.7.

Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

Action D.5 - Awareness Action Program, and Volunteer Involvement / Public General

 - It is the aim of all Awareness Actions, Involvement and Volunteering (D.5, D.6 and D.7) foster the active and direct involvement of different types of public in conservation actions to be promoted under the Actions C.1 and C.2. This action is specifically targeted to the general public (especially local communities and visitors) and is provided  to hold a combination of complementary outreach activities and interpretation of the National Forest of Bussaco, the natural values associated with this space, in particular Adernal and a major threat to this reliquial habitat, invasive exotic species

 Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

Action D.6 - Awareness Action Program, Involvement and Volunteer / Business

- As mentioned in the previous Action, the goal of all Awareness Actions, Involvement and Volunteering (D.5, D.6 and D.7) foster the active and direct involvement of different types of public in conservation actions to promote the Actions C.1 and C.2. The action D.6 aims at defining a corporate volunteer program of activities, directed at the major local businesses and other interested in joining the activities. In particular, the actions to be developed include the design and implementation of programs of direct involvement and environmental responsibility, planned to ensure the regular involvement of agents who express their interest in joining the project, thus contributing to the amplification of the project demonstrative character .

Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

Action D.7 - Awareness Action Program, Involvement and Volunteer / Schools

- Like the other Awareness Actions, Involvement and Volunteering (D.5 and D.6), the D.7 Action aims to enhance the active and direct involvement of different types of public in conservation actions to be promoted under the Actions C.1 and C.2. The target audience of this Action is the school community, including not only students and teachers but also households, as they constitute an essential vehicle for transmission of knowledge, values and practices aimed at environmental issues, especially when it concerns territories of proximity. The action specifically aims to define an education and environmental  awareness program directed to local primary schools, to be coordinated and implemented by Municipality of Mealhada partner as part of Extra Curricular Activities that will be integrated into the theme "Environment and Citizenship". It is intended to ensure a continuous program that enhances awareness and involvement of the school community into concrete activities and practices of knowledge and support to the conservation of the existing biodiversity in the Bussaco National Forest, involving 100% of the basic teaching population of Mealhada's council.

 Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

Action D.8 -  Program Dissemination Actions and Results Transfer

The proposed project involving the demonstration of actions applicable to the combat and eradication of invasive exotic species in conjunction with the strengthening and improvement of native species and habitats, has high potential for replication in other geographical and socio-economic contexts where such threat arises.  In this context, elapsing also of support for implementation by the LIFE +, it is the objective of this project that the knowledge generated about conservation actions implemented, monitored and evaluated can be transferred and applied / replicated to other contexts, thus contributing to the conservation of the biodiversity in a broader geographical area than the one in which the project focuses. -- It being understood that the discussed problem arises with high priority in other territories under public and private management existing in the country -- hence it is hoped, of course, a high potential application of their results in the Portuguese context the threats posed to biodiversity by invasive species  is a common issue to Europe.  In this context, the work of this action aimed at disseminating a set of tasks and knowledge transfer directed to different audiences, both in a perspective of business sector and geographical origin.

- Responsible beneficiary: Foundation Mata Do Bussaco, FP

 

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