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The importance and interest of adernal is not limited to the community of flora species within it.

The knotty branches provides refuge to numerous species of animals, some of which are rare and protected. For example, at the tops of the adernos it may be observed restless long-tailed bushtit, and blue bushtit.

The bushes hide wrens, madeira firecrest, among others passerines. Any tour will surely be excited by the singing of sylviidae and robins.

It can also be found rapid and voracious such as  the short-toed eagle, the  northern goshawk and the hawk.

Among the rocks and branches, we have the carnivores, such as the small-spotted genet, badger and weasels.  However, due to their nocturnal and elusive behavior, evidence of the presence of these animals are easier to observe than themselves. The exception goes to the squirrel, less shy. Old and large trees, such as oaks, present natural cavities that are used as shelter for many species, not just birds but also bats sucha as noctule bats, and long-eared bat.

At ground level, the relic forest provides important resources for many invertebrates, such as stag beetle, the largest beetle in Europe. Small mammals are also abundant, highlighting the marsh rats the "lusitanian pine vole" and shrew-form.

The sunniest places are sought by reptiles such as large psammodromus, the slow worm or common water snake.

 In water lines, within the limits of the relic forest, live vulnerable species of small fish such as "tropidophoxinellus alburnoides", and amphibians such as the gold-striped salamander.

Many of these species are endangered, and the adernal is the suitable habitat to their ecological needs. Therefore, the preservation of the  adernal is also contributing to the preservation of our wildlife.

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